In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Social Science History In some cases, such as France, trade unions have practically ceased to exist in the private sector.
|Nationalism, Internationalism and New Politics - Geopolitical Futures||In those of us interested in international networks, institutions and phenomena are sitting on top of a mountain of scholarship, precariously dangling our legs over the precipice. Concepts such as transnationalism and internationalism have appeared in various guises and acquired a range of labels — either carefully separated out and delineated, or lumped together and used interchangeably.|
|Project MUSE - Labor Internationalism: An Introduction||Please leave this field empty. By George Friedman The world is experiencing a shift from the old liberal-conservative model to an internationalist-nationalist model.|
|Archive and Exhibit This archive and exhibit explores U.|
Government divestment of nationalized industries and the privatization of many social services have exposed a growing number of workers to competitive markets. At the same time, industrial jobs have migrated from advanced industrial countries to countries in the less-developed world, where workers are often non-unionized and low-wage earners Cowie The shrinking numbers of industrial workers in Europe and the United States and the changing character of industrial work in Latin America, the three continents discussed in this collection, have had the result of weakening labor's political influence.
Socialist parties in Europe are distancing themselves from their trade union affiliates. Within the American Democratic Party, labor no longer has the privileged status it enjoyed in the s and s. In the more industrialized regions of Latin America, free trade zones and industrial export processing zones are opening national markets to world competition; labor's clientele relationship with political parties is beginning to crumble.
Old institutionalized labor codes that protected workers, mainly adult male workers, are being abrogated or simply ignored. Despite a heightened vulnerability to foreign competition and the inability or unwillingness of old political allies to respond, labor movements [End Page ] have been slow to turn to one of the oldest tools in labor's repertoire, international labor solidarity.
Strategies of international labor solidarity have run counter to the main currents of post—World War II labor movement policy. These policies have involved decades of effort to develop institutions for influencing national politics and, until recently, these policies had attained a level of prestige conferred only by decades of success.
By the mids, almost everywhere, the political influence of trade unions in Europe and the United States and in the more industrialized nations of Latin America had greatly increased in terms of both political parties and national governments.
In Europe and the United States and Canada, Keynesian economic policies focused on national governments as the major loci for economic decision making. In Latin America, protectionist strategies for economic development also focused labor's attention on national policy making.
After the heady days of the s and s, labor was largely unprepared for the free market offensive of the s and s French Faced with an almost unprecedented challenge, most trade unionists have continued to pursue traditional policies that rely on states for relief. Unions have championed protectionism, sought to deal with unemployment through the national welfare state, and, when national government officials have not been available, intensified efforts to find patrons among local or regional officials.
German trade unions, threatened by the fear of a tidal wave of Eastern European migration, sought to limit migration. Yet after two decades of chastening experience, trade union leaders are beginning to reconsider their reliance on the state. If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click 'Authenticate'.
You are not currently authenticated. View freely available titles:An Introduction to Legal Thought: Four Approaches to Law and to the Allocation of Body Parts Guido Calabresi Throughout this century in the United States, four approaches to law have AN INTRODUCTION TO LEGAL THOUGHT LAW,.
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United States foreign policy has always been characterized by a commitment to free trade, protection of American interests, and a concern for human rights.
Throughout the first years of her history, the United States was, for the most part, an isolationist nation. INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, PRINCIPAL THEORIES are decisive.
In this view international relations is essentially a story of Great Power politics. 5 Realists also diverge on some issues. So-called offensive Realists maintain that, in order. 3 CHAPTER 1 SOME BASIC CONCEPTS AND APPROACHES IN THE STUDY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Robert “Robin” H.
Dorff he study, analysis and planning of strategy require a basic familiarity with some essential concepts and. The experiences of French students in the United States and American students in France throughout the period – and their use of stereotypes to understand their hosts’ culture, to introduce their own culture to their hosts and, ultimately, to understand their own identity, are at the heart of Internationalism, National Idenities, and Study Abroad.
An Introduction to the United States Legal System Carolina Academic Press Law Casebook Series Advisory Board Gary J. Simson, Chairman Cornell Law School.