Why was the Vietnam War in Vietnam? It was the easiest place to have a war: And they proved correct.
For more information, please see the full notice. Involvement in the Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive played an important role in weakening U. Captain Franklin Eller coordinates with military command during the Tet Offensive Ho Chi Minh and leaders in Hanoi planned the Tet Offensive in the hopes of achieving a decisive victory that would end the grinding conflict that frustrated military leaders on both sides.
A successful attack on major cities might force the United States to negotiate or perhaps even to withdraw. At the very least, the North Vietnamese hoped it would serve to stop the ongoing escalation of guerilla attacks and bombing in the North.
Hanoi selected the Tet holiday to strike because it was traditionally a time of truce, and because Vietnamese traveling to spend the festival with their relatives provided cover for the movement of South Vietnamese National Liberation Forces NLF who supported the communist forces.
The first phase of the assault began on January 30 and 31, when NLF forces simultaneously attacked a number of targets, mostly populated areas and places with heavy U. The NLF even managed to breach the outer walls of the U.
Although the first phase of the offensive became the most famous, a second phase also launched simultaneous assaults on smaller cities and towns on May 4 and stretched into June.
A third phase began in August and lasted six weeks. In the months that followed, U. At the end of the Tet Offensive, both sides had endured losses, and both sides claimed victory.
At the same time, the Tet Offensive weakened domestic support for the Johnson Administration as the vivid reporting on the Tet Offensive by the U. The aftermath of Tet brought public discussions about de-escalation, but not before U.
Johnson and others, however, read the situation differently. Johnson announced that the bombing of North Vietnam would cease above the 20th parallel and placed a limit on U. Johnson also attempted to set parameters for peace talks, but it would be several more years before these came to fruition.
Within the United States, protests against continued involvement in Vietnam intensified. On March 31,Johnson announced that he would not seek a second term as president. The job of finding a way out of Vietnam was left to the next U.The Vietnam War greatly changed America forever.
It was the longest war fought in America’s history, lasting from to The Vietnam War tarnished America’s self image by becoming the first time in history the United States failed to accomplish its stated war aims, to preserve a separate, independent, noncommunist government.
The Vietnam War is still the most photographed and filmed conflict of all time, when photojournalists (and TV journalists) had unrestricted access to the battlefield—in South Vietnam, that is—bringing the war into many living rooms worldwide. The history of the United States from through includes the climax and victory of the Civil Rights Movement; the escalation and ending of the Vietnam War; Second wave feminism; the drama of a generational revolt with its sexual freedoms and use of drugs; and the continuation of the Cold War, with its Space Race to put a man on the Moon.
The economy was prosperous and expanding until. The Pentagon Papers. US History Encyclopedia: Pentagon Papers.
Popularly known as the Pentagon Papers, the "History of U.S. Decision Making Process on Vietnam Policy" is a forty-seven volume, 7,page, million-word study that traces the involvement of the United States in Vietnam from World War II .
The United States was not capable of winning the War because they realized too late that the real war in Vietnam was not a military one but a political one. Beginning with Eisenhower, They were fully aware that the only way South Vietnam would win is with the support of the United States troops.
The United States enters the war. Between the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and the U.S. presidential election in November , the situation in Vietnam had changed for the worse. Beginning in September, the Khanh government was succeeded by a bewildering array of cliques and coalitions, some of which stayed in power less than a month.