Robert Speer was one of the most dedicated missionaries at these conferences, exhorting others with a great zeal that he exhibited in his actions, as well.
John Wesley English religious leader, essayist, editor, poet, translator, and writer of sermons. The founder of the Methodist Church and one of the most celebrated religious leaders in history, Wesley wrote or edited hundreds of religious books and tracts during a career that spanned more than fifty years.
It is estimated that he traveled a quarter of a million miles—mostly on horseback—throughout England, John wesley essay that during these travels he preached forty or fifty thousand sermons.
A tireless advocate of the poor, Wesley not only argued that the rich were to blame for the lot of the lower classes, but he donated all he made—some thirty thousand pounds, chiefly from the royalties of John wesley essay immensely popular works—to alleviate the misery of the poor.
His social conscience extended beyond the plight of the impoverished, and his angry indictments of slavery are credited with altering the views of many who read them.
At the time of his death Wesley had 77, followers in England and 58, in America, and his founding of the Methodist Church revived English religious feeling in the eighteenth century.
Biographical Information Wesley was born at Epworth Rectory, Lincolnshire, England, on June 17,the fifteenth of nineteen children of Samuel Wesley, an Anglican vicar, and Susanna, the daughter of a Presbyterian clergyman.
Wesley was raised in a disciplined atmosphere of prayer, biblical study, and strict morality. Although Anglicans and Presbyterians were generally at odds, Wesley's upbringing demonstrated to him the possibility of reconciliation between the two differing doctrines.
A fire at the rectory almost took his life in ; his survival was interpreted by his mother as a sign from God that Wesley was a member of the Elect. He received his early education at the Charterhouse School of London, beginning in He graduated inand was ordained a deacon in the Church of England in The following year he became a fellow at Lincoln College, Oxford; his studies included Greek and philosophy, and he read avidly on many subjects, a practice he would maintain for the rest of his life.
In he received a master's degree from Oxford. Beginning in and continuing through the early s, he served as leader of a group of religious students who gave freely of their time to social service.
The group was derisively called by fellow students the Holy Club or the Oxford Methodists, after their methodical devotion to their studies and religion.
In Wesley became a missionary under the auspices of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts, and he embarked late in the year for the colony of Georgia, then under British rule, in North America.
During his two years in Georgia, Wesley attempted to convert Native Americans to Christianity and personally witnessed the evils of slavery, an experience that strongly influenced his morality and writings.
Unable to gain permission to sermonize in various churches, he preached outdoors instead, sometimes to a few listeners, sometimes to vast crowds. Wesley maintained an almost ceaseless schedule, traveling from town to town, spreading his spiritual message to everyone he met.
Although Wesley insisted that he was loyal to the Church of England, the relationship was strained.
When, inAnglican clergy refused Wesley's followers the sacraments, Wesley administered them himself at Methodist meetings. Lay preachers soon began spreading the word on Wesley's behalf, and in the first formal Methodist Conference was held.
Wesley married a widow, Molly Vazeille, in ; the marriage was unsuccessful, in part because Molly suspected her husband of infidelity with his many female helpers.
In he assumed for himself the authority to ordain priests, and many of them voyaged to America as Methodist ministers. Wesley died on March 2,in London. Major Works Wesley wrote more than two hundred works, some very short, others comprising multiple volumes.
He also edited more than one hundred other works, and produced an unknown number of sermons, of which are extant. Wesley abhorred obscurity of language, and all of his writings are characterized by their plain, unadorned style.
A Collection of Psalms and Hymns was the first of some twenty-three volumes of hymns Wesley published, and itself went through many editions and revisions from through Scholars are perhaps most interested in the eight volumes of The Journal of the Rev.
Scholars are also intrigued by his private letters, of which 3, are extant; an eight-volume edition was edited by John Telford in In Thoughts upon SlaveryWesley indicts the practice of trade in human beings; while cognizant of the economic upheaval that would result in the abolition of slavery, Wesley nevertheless insists in this work that slaves are the equal to anyone in the eyes the God, and that slavery must end, no matter the consequences.
In his Explanatory Notes upon the New Testament and Explanatory Notes upon the Old Testament Wesley synthesized the works of several different commentators for the benefit of the uneducated in their studies of the Bible.
Wesley made great use of his first four volumes of Sermons on Several Occasions, which were published between andinstructing Methodist preachers to study and adopt them for their own sermons. Wesley oversaw the publication of his complete prose output in The Works of the Rev.
Critical Reception Hundreds of volumes have been written about John Wesley during the two centuries since his death. Many scholars have attempted to assess the scope and significance of his impact.
MacDonald, writing incharacterized Wesley's legacy in superlative terms:John wesley essay.
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John Wesley was an Anglican preacher in addition to being a theologian, who along with Charles Wesley and cleric George Whitefield, was acknowledged with the basis of the missionary motion called Methodism.2 The writings and teaching of John Wesley have great influence in the growth and spread of the holiness motion as well as Pentecostalism.
SOURCE: Macdonald, F.
W. Introduction to The Journal of John Wesley, Volume I, pp. ix-xiii. London: J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd., [In the following essay, Macdonald suggests that Wesley's moral. John Benjamin Wesley was born June 17, to the small town of Epworth, in Lincolnshire.
The son of Minister Rev. Samuel Wesley, who was the son of Minister Rev. John Wesley, John Benjamin was the third generation of powerful influential preachers. Both conservative and progressive Christians admire John Wesley.
But his statements on the Bible may surprise people in both camps. I’m offering a free copy of Randy Maddox’s essay on John Wesley and the Bible. The essay was published in a book I co-edited with Richard Thompson, The Bible Tells Me So, and caninariojana.com who sign up for my .
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