Consuming packaged foods, fast food, artificially enhanced products, and especially low quality cheap food is the norm, but is it any wonder that being overweight while also falling victim to a host of illnesses is also the norm. Being raised in this era of poor health makes it difficult to know what is truly healthful and unhealthful. Fast food in particular is one of the primary reasons for the drastic health decline seen today. The meat is actually fat trimmings and connective tissue that are separated from the bone — scrap meat that is not fit for human consumption.
Benefits and Risks Genetically modified foods are produced by recombining DNA of two different organisms with the aim of developing a new organism GMO with more desirable qualities.
Synonyms for genetically modified foods include genetically engineered foods, bioengineered foods and biotech foods. The genetic engineering process involves removing a desired gene or genes from one organism plant, bacteria or virus and placing them into the DNA of another in order to introduce new traits to the second organism plant.
This helps to make genetically modified crops more resistant to certain herbicides, pests, diseases, extreme weather conditions or taste better, last longer on the shelf or to improve their nutritional content.
Genetically modified soybeans, corn and other crops are used to make the ingredients e. Genetically modified plants may also be used as animal feed or for non-food purposes e.
Types of Genetically Modified Foods Initially, genetic engineering focused on increasing crop yields and making plants easier and cheaper to produce. Desirable qualities for these purposes include: The aim of making plants more resistant to herbicides is to allow farmers to safely kill weeds without harming the crop.
Some of the crops that have been altered to be more herbicide tolerant include corn, cotton, soybeans, canola rapeseed, sugar beets, rice, wheat, lettuce and alfalfa. Some crop plants have been genetically engineered to produce a chemical that is toxic to certain pests such as fungi or insects but harmless to humans or animals.
Examples of the plants that have been modified to be pest resistant include soybeans, corn, cotton, canola, wheat and apples. Genetic modification has also made plants with improved resistance to certain diseases.
Some of the crops altered in this way include bananas, corn and papayas. Many crops have been genetically modified to produce higher yields under specific environmental conditions.
More recently, genetically altered crops with potential benefits to the consumer have been developed, having the following desired traits: Improved taste or appearance.
Genetic engineering is used to make new crops that taste better, look better, ripen slower and stay fresh longer.
Examples include citrus fruits with less bitterness, apples that do not brown when sliced, potatoes that do not get bruises during transportation, tomatoes with more flavor that also stay fresh longer after ripening, and other fruits and vegetables with improved shelf-life.
Enhanced nutritional value and health. A number of different plants have been genetically improved or are being developed to include extra nutrients or fewer harmful substances.
Some of the examples include rice with added beta-carotene, vitamin E, iron and lysine; potatoes that produce fewer cancer-causing chemicals when fried; allergen-free nuts; reduced-allergen soybean; beans that cause less flatulence; cooking oils canola, soybean, corn with reduced amounts of saturated fats and increased essential amino acids.
Improved adaptability to environmental conditions. Genetic engineering has allowed farmers to grow crops such as rice, corn, wheat and other cereals in harsh conditions e.
Several fruits and vegetables e. Genetic modification is also being used to develop crops with other benefits to consumers e. Genetically modified foods are designed to provide a number of benefits to producers and consumers.
These include reduced production costs, making foods cheaper; improved availability as fruits maintain freshness in seasons when they would not be normally available; fewer chemicals in plants because of their improved pest resistance and thus also less stress on the environment due to lower need for toxic pesticides; reduced allergens in certain foods like soy, peanuts or wheat that often cause food allergies ; and pharmaceutical use of plants for the production of edible vaccines and medications.
However, several concerns have been raised regarding genetically modified foods, including:Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is the most common human form of a group of rare, fatal brain disorders known as prion diseases. Prion diseases, such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, occur when prion protein, which is found throughout the body but whose normal function isn't yet known, begins folding.
Potential Benefits and Costs of Genetically Modified Crops Essay. Potential Benefits of GMO’s Vastly Outweigh the Risks By Sam Holz ENVS Amanda Magee The issue of whether or not individuals in our society should be growing and consuming genetically engineered crops is a polarizing topic nationally as well as here in Boulder, and it does not seem to be going away anytime in the near.
Genetically modified (GM) crops have many potential advantages in terms of raising agricultural productivity and reducing the need for (environmentally harmful) pesticides. They might also pose hazards to human health, from toxicity and increased risk of allergies, for example.
Some of the potential benefits of genetically modifying foods is to increase the nutrition of the food, enhance taste and quality, improve resistance of crops to pests and diseases, and decreased the overall use of pesticides (Heit, ). Potential risks and costs associated with GURTs include intra- and interspecific escape of the technology, reduced access and increased cost of genetic material for breeders, increased regulation, liability risks in the event of GURT failure or escape, increased seed costs for farmers, further limits on access to novel genetic material for farmers, greater industrial control over agriculture, and a further decrease in agro .
An assessment of the risks and benefits of GM crops would be greatly facilitated by efforts to value environmental services (e.g., considering the public costs of .