Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law. It requires scientists to submit final peer-reviewed journal manuscripts that arise from NIH funds to the digital archive PubMed Central http:
Your research question helps readers to know the specific subject matter you will be addressing within the broad topic of environmental history. For instance, suppose you are interested in market development and its environmental effects.
If you asked, "What is the relationship between market development and environmental degradation? This question does not clearly define the problems you are interested in, nor does it put boundaries on your research project. A well-articulated research question provides you and your readers with critical information about your project by defining the focus of your research, its scope, and your motivation.
Dust Bowl farmer driving tractor with young son near Cland, New Mexico Library of Congress, Digital IDfsa 8b A research question can set boundaries to help you figure out where to go next.
A research question defines which data you need to collect and which methods you will use to access and analyze your documents. Again, take the Dust Bowl question in the previous paragraph as an example. By narrowing your question to the relationship between large-scale agriculture and the Dust Bowl, you also narrow the scope of data collection and analysis.
However, as you collect data, your question is likely to change and grow. Defining questions within your project is not a linear process. Rather, questions will define your directions of inquiry and, in turn, the results of your inquiries will refine your question.
Developing research questions is an iterative process evolving with your project. We have made a figure below to illustrate the process. You will start with something you are interested in. You will then create questions about this thing, and figure out what your next steps will be to investigate those questions further.
Picking a topic from projects you have done before could help you find ideas that you are already interested in. Collect your previous term papers or reports and list the topics you have researched for those projects.
Choose one or two that seem promising and relevant to environmental history. Instead, you should develop a new topic from the old research.
Your own interests are a great source to find a topic. List your interests as many as you can! One of the best ways to generate a topic from a general interest is to look up encyclopedia articles.
They usually contain an overview outlining facts on a subject with a concise list of suggested readings. If you go to the library to find encyclopedia articles, you will have a good chance of finding a topic from them. Current events or timely issues can be a good place to find a promising research question.
For example, Hurricane Katrina brought ideas about poverty and environment into the mainstream press, as well as ideas about land-use patterns and natural disasters.
Any of these topics would make a good starting place for an environmental history project. You may read newspapers and magazines, use Wikipedia, or even use Google to find current events.
Listen to how people debate these events. What are people saying? What are their claims, and how do they make these claims? Jot down different ideas and perspectives, ask yourself whether you agree or disagree, and try to formulate interesting questions about what you are reading.
Digital ID Make a note of your everyday observations. You may find a good research topic just from your everyday life. Think about why this particular type of landscape highway systems and road systems formed. Doing so will help you to come up with a research topic investigating the relationships between highway development and American fast food culture.
Remember not to take things for granted. Try to observe through fresh eyes to produce rich research insights. For example, suppose that you are a bird watcher and volunteer at a bird conservation society.
Recently, you have noticed that it has become harder and harder to spot a specific species in the wild. For this reason, you have decided to participate in an initiative to protect the bird.Writing a research paper is among the most challenging aspects of student life.
During the latter part of high school and throughout college, you will be required to write several of these types of papers. I. General Information A. General Information. What is the NIH Public Access Policy?
What is PubMed Central? What are the benefits of posting peer-reviewed papers to PubMed Central? How to Write a Research Paper. When studying at higher levels of school and throughout college, you will likely be asked to prepare research papers. A research paper can be used for exploring and identifying scientific, technical and.
2 HOW TO BUILD AN ECONOMIC MODEL IN YOUR SPARE TIME My suggestion is rather di erent: I think that you should look for your ideas outside the academic journals|in newspapers, in magazines, in con-. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations is a style guide for writing and formatting research papers, theses, and dissertations and is published by the University of Chicago Press..
The work is often referred to as "Turabian" (after the work's original author, Kate L. Turabian) or by the shortened title, A Manual for Writers. Writing a Research Paper. This page lists some of the stages involved in writing a library-based research paper. Although this list suggests that there is a simple, linear process to writing such a paper, the actual process of writing a research paper is often a messy and recursive one, so please use this outline as a flexible guide.