Typical Examples of cultural differences The perception is different and often selective: Expressions are differentiated according their importance:
Scott Littleton defined comparative mythology as "the systematic comparison of myths and mythic themes drawn from a wide variety of cultures".
Particularists tend to "maintain that the similarities deciphered by comparativists are vague and superficial", while comparativists tend to "contend that the differences etched by particularists are trivial and incidental".
Many of these scholars believed that all myths showed signs of having evolved from a single myth or mythical theme. According to this theory, these poetic descriptions had become distorted over time into seemingly diverse stories about gods and heroes.
These are some important approaches to comparative mythology.
Proto-Indo-European religion and Proto-Indo-Iranian religion Some scholars look at the linguistic relationships between the myths of different cultures. For example, the similarities between the names of gods in different cultures.
One particularly successful example of this approach is the study of Indo-European mythology. Scholars have found striking similarities between the mythological and religious terms used in different cultures of Europe and India.
This suggests that the Greeks, Romans, and Indians originated from a common ancestral culture, and that the names ZeusJupiterDyaus and the Germanic Tiu cf. The folklorist Vladimir Propp proposed that many Russian fairy tales have a common plot structure, in which certain events happen in a predictable order.
Oedipus complexAnalytical psychologyand Jungian archetypes Some scholars propose that myths from different cultures reveal the same, or similar, psychological forces at work in those cultures.
Some Freudian thinkers have identified stories similar to the Greek story of Oedipus in many different cultures. They argue that these stories reflect the different expressions of the Oedipus complex in those cultures.
The most prominent common feature is a story line that extends from the creation of the world and of humans to their end.
This feature is found in the northern mythologies of Eurasia and the Americas " Laurasia " while it is missing in the southern mythologies of Subsaharan Africa, New Guinea and Australia " Gondwanaland ".
The latter is the older one, going back to the dispersal of Homo sapiens out of Africa, some 65, years ago. Based on these two reconstructions he offers some suggestions about the tales of the genetic " African Eve ".
Close attention is paid to the largely parallel developments in archaeology, paleontology, genetics and linguistics. He also makes some suggestions about the persistence of these Stone Age myths in current religions.
Phylogenetical[ edit ] It is speculated that like genesmyths evolve by a process of descent with modification. The striking parallels between biological and mythological evolution  allow the use of computational statistics to infer evolutionary relatedness and to build the most likely phylogenetic tree for a mythological family.
Mythological phylogenies constructed with mythemes clearly support low horizontal transmissions borrowingshistorical sometimes pre-historic diffusions and punctuated evolution. Comparative mythology has uncovered a number of parallels between the myths of different cultures, including some very widespread recurring themes and plot elements.CULTURAL SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES IN THE CONCEPTUALIZATION OF EMOTION Christie Napa Scollon and William Tov .
Typical Examples of cultural differences The perception is different and often selective: Expressions are differentiated according their importance: for the Inuits (Eskimos) snow is part of their everyday life, therefore many words (e. . The most widespread ideal was sacred monarchy, with very considerable variations.
Several cultures produced an idea of the state. Greece, India, and China produced theories of the origin and purpose of the state. Justice was proclaimed everywhere, with widely different meanings, but usually including equal treatment of poor and rich before . The similarities and differences across cultures in the work place can make a huge difference between the success and failure of a business.
Diversity is common place in many work place environments. Utilizing and understanding cultures, their similarities, and their differences will allow a business and work place to thrive.
Europe has many different cultures and yet every culture falls under a collective "western culture". India too has many different cultures each of which falls under a collective "Indian culture".
India probably has more diversity and history than . caninariojana.com – There are many reasons why ancient history should be re-written.. In this top list we display ten remarkable similarities that clearly offer proof prehistoric civilizations shared a universal scientific and technological knowledge.