However, culture determines the type of memory strategy we develop.
Vygotsky Essay Cognitive Development Theory: Piaget and Vygotsky Why is it that a four year old thinks there is more of water in a tall narrow glass than there is in a short broader glass, when both glasses contain the same amount of water? In exploring the concept of cognitive development, two names are sure to come up, Piaget and Vygotsky.
Cognitive development theory was first coined by Jean Piaget as a biological approach to child learning. The nature of these changes and how these changes proceed is a topic of much debate throughout the years.
Although Vygotsky and Piaget both have theories of cognitive development, they agree on only a few points. Piaget and Vygotsky are both considered to be constructivists. We will write a custom essay sample on Cognitive Development Theory: Said another way, students learn by connecting new information together with what they already know.
The mechanism in which an individual forms this intelligence is where these Vygotskys theory essay theorists differ. Piaget believed that intelligence came from experience and action.
Having a doctorate in biology, he believed that an individual Vygotskys theory essay only reach the next level of aptitude if that individual had adequately developed cognitively.
Vygotsky thought just the opposite, that is, one can only develop when one has reached a higher level of intelligence, hence intelligence drove development Slavin, Both Piaget and Vygotsky both believed that the environment influenced intelligence.
Vygotsky believed that an individual places importance on the contribution of others and the environment, Piaget on the other hand did not.
In other words, Piaget thought that the environment was passive in the development of an individual, that is, the environment was a world to be explored.
Through this exploration and the experiences gained, a person constructs mental frameworks, or schemes Slavin, Children use these schemes to deal with particular situations, by accessing the information therein. When new information is discovered using a scheme, the child incorporates this real-world finding into that scheme, thereby expanding the scheme through process called assimilation Slavin, If however, a child encounters a real-world situation where a scheme has failed, the disparity between what is thought should happen and what actually happens creates confusion and an imbalance in the child.
The existing scheme must be modified to accommodate the new experiences. Hence, the process of accommodation in order to create equilibrium is at the root of learning and intelligence.
Creating, expanding and modifying schemes are the mechanisms by which intelligence is affected. Vygotsky however had a different opinion.
He believed that intelligence was gained by learning from others. The building blocks for intelligence are sign systems, systems that a society uses to communicate and solve problems Slavin, Sign systems are learned by observing others to the point where an individual can solve problems on their own using the newly learned systems, a process called self-regulation Slavin, Vygotsky believed that children receive this information from more capable peers or adults.
This social learning requires great involvement from the teacher when beginning to learn the task; and as the child learns, the aid is lessened to the point where there is minimal aid and the individual is fully competent at the task at hand.
Too easy a task, and a child is already competent in the task, hence no learning occurs.Essay on Lev Vygotsky and Social Development Theory Words 5 Pages Explain Lev Vygotsky() was a Russian psychologist who created the Social Development Theory/ Sociocultural Theory.
Vygotskys Assumptions And Interactions Education Essay. In this essay I will be discussing Lev S. Vygotsky’s socio-cultural theory of learning. This will include Vygotsky’s assumptions about learning and the relationship between learning and culture.
Jun 28, · I received a distinction for the essay below, with my main criticism being that I needed to use more examples. – Semester 1: Education Unit “Learning and Teaching” Assignment 1 – The Developing Learner “Vygotsky’s Theories and the Personal Implications for My Teaching”. He was also known as constructivism, theory of cognitive development, object permanence, egocentrism and also a genetic epistemology, which is the study of knowledge.
Piaget was a precocious child who developed an interest in biology and the natural world.
The next approach examined was class organisation, as pupils were grouped by ability. The ‘Red’ group reflected higher ability, this included Child X, ‘Yellow’, middle ability and ‘Green’, lower ability.
All were taught material with similar academic content but at a pace and depth that. Hence the theory would call for individualization of strategies adopted for special needs learners. Works cited Daniels, Harry, and Mariane Hedegaard. Vygotsky and special needs education: rethinking support for children and schools.
London: Continuum International Pub. Group, Print. Kozulin, Alex. Vygotsky’s educational theory in cultural context.